wreck had been unidentified for many years. She was originally found and named
by a charter boat captain. He named the wreck after two girls that were on his
boat that day, Gloria and Doris. The name stuck, and even today, nautical charts
refer to the wreck as the G&D.
the original Wreck Valley book, I wrote the G&D Wreck was most likely a
vessel named Durley Chine. This assumption was proven wrong when diver, Rick
Jaszyn, found a bell with the name Durley Chine on another previously
unidentified wreck known as Bacardi. The true identity of the G&D wreck is
still waiting for some lucky diver to find a piece of the puzzle that allows us
to identify her.
was the second shipwreck I dove after being certified over ten years ago. The
very first descent produced an eleven pound lobster for my buddy Jim D'alessio.
On our second dive, I caught a nine pound bug moving into the same hole. Over
the years I have been rewarded again and again by returning to this same spot on
the wreck, which is a half circular hole in one of her boilers.
G&D lies 21 miles out of Jones Inlet in 110 feet of water. Her boilers are
still standing upright, her intact bow leaning on its side. Her beams and
ribbing rise out of the sand, leaving no trace of the form they once held. The
wreck is a haven for huge lobsters, cod, black fish and ling. I have seen
everything from giant ocean sunfish, dolphins, and turtles to seahorses at this
site. For divers and fishermen alike, she is considered to be one of the best
wrecks in the area.
Explorers Inc., is proud to announce the positive identification of a wreck
previously known as the G&D. At the same time Aqua Explorers is releasing
its Dive Wreck Valley G&D video detailing the wrecks history, identification
and present condition.
the summer of 1995 Dan Berg producer of the Dive Wreck Valley television series
filmed underwater sequences for an
upcoming G&D show. The show utilized Captain John Lachenmayer's dive boat
Sea Hawk. After the dive, John explained how he had recently recovered a dish
embossed with a steamship company flag. He had hoped that the dish would lead to
the steamship companies identity. With this information he could check records
to see what vessels from that company had went down off Long Island. He went on
to explain that he had already contacted maritime museums the Steamship
Historical Society as well as a few authors of shipwreck books. None could find
any information regarding the flags company. Dan Berg author of the popular
Wreck Valley book about shipwrecks off Long Island and New Jersey, went to work.
He wrote a few letters to England as well as to Marine Historians here in the
states. Within only a few days he had hit the jackpot. Marine historian Bill
Schell from Massachusetts not only identified the vessels steamship company but
reported a near positive identification on the wreck. The Flag belonged to the
United States Steel Corp., Pittsburgh Steamship Division based in Cleveland,
Ohio. The companies entire fleet sailed exclusively on the Great Lakes. It seams
that during WWI five vessels were cut in half, brought out of the Great Lakes
then reconstructed and transferred to the East coast for the coal trade. Of
these five vessels four where whaleback barges with no engine. Only one vessel,
the Yankee, fits the description of the wreck we know as the G&D. The Yankee
was a 296 foot by 40 foot steel hulled Great Lakes steamer. She was built by
Globe Iron Works in December, 1890, and originally named German. The Yankee
displaced 2,418 Gross Tons and was powered by coal fired steam. On the night of
June 11, 1919, while en route from
Norfolk, Virginia to Boston, Massachusetts, carrying a cargo of coal, the Yankee
entered a dense fog. Soon after she collided with the Italian liner, Argentina.
The Argentina's propeller ripped through, causing a fatal wound to the steamer
Yankee. The following information is excerpted from the accident report filed
with the Secretary of Commerce: " A dense fog prevailed and the vessel was
proceeding at a slow speed.... Suddenly, the lights of the Argentina were seen
about two points on the port bow.... Engines of the Yankee were at once stopped
but as it was seen that a collision was inevitable, the helm of the Yankee was
brought hard-a-port". This was done in an effort of paralleling the other
vessel and was almost accomplished, but the ships closed in, and the starboard
bow of the Argentina struck then sheared off the Yankee. This forced the
Argentina's stern into the Yankee's hull. The Argentina's propeller ripped
through, causing a fatal wound to the steamer Yankee. Captain Dennis Mugan, his
entire crew of 22 and all eight passengers abandoned ship without injury.
Above: Tiedimans Dive Ctr charter to the G&D
wreck August 2012.
the wreck sits in 110 feet of water, 21 miles off Jones Inlet, Long Island., NY.
Her engine and boilers are upright while her bow leans slightly to her port
side. This wreck is one of the most productive lobster dives in the area.
John's discovery of a dish had lead to the wrecks identification. The only
problem now is that only a few miles away is another unidentified wreck which
everyone always believed to be the Yankee.
Maybe John and Dan will get lucky and recover another key artifact from
an area known as Wreck Valley.